Part of elementamundi.com by author Mark David: Twitter @authorMarkDavid

Heracleopolis Magna

In Ancient Egypt, Heracleopolis Magna was known in Egyptian as the “House of the Royal Child” (variously rendered as Henen-nesut, Nen-nesu, or Hwt-nen-nesu). The Greek name meant “City of Hercules”, with the epithet “great” being added to distinguish it from other towns with that name. The Greek form became more common under the Macedonian Ptolemid dynasty, who came to power after the death of Alexander the Great. The Romans used a latinized form of the Greek name but the town was by then known locally as Ehnasya.

This later developed into Hnas and Ahnas (Arabic). The site is now known in Egyptian Arabic as Ihnasiya Umm al-Kimam (“Mother of the Shards”) and as Ihnasiyyah al-Madinah.

In The Elements

‘This old book tells of many things. Of wonders of ancient times that had been found at the village of Anásieh, at the place they called Om el Kéemán, or the mother of the mounds, that is what they called it, the ancient city of Hercules.’

Heracleopolis had been built from the relics of older times, older places. It was at Heracleopolis Magna that the Ichneumon, the enemy of the crocodile was worshipped.

Hawara was part of the Arsinoïte or Crocodilopolite nome. At the time of the Romans, there were serious disputes and damage done to the remains of the labyrinth, destroyed by the superstitious prejudices of the Heracleopolites.