The Legend of Thoth: At-hothes

Part of by author Mark David: Twitter @authorMarkDavid

The Arabian legend concerning the architect of the great pyramids at Giza is mentioned as being Thaut (Thoth to the Greeks equated with the Greek god Hermes), the patron god of wisdom, medicine, literature, the list goes, including hieroglyphic writing, so in fact, he is the partron god of knowledge. Both Thoth and Hermes were gods of writing and of magic in their respective cultures. The Greek god of interpretive communication was combined with the Egyptian god of wisdom as a patron of astrology and alchemy.

How this relates to Pharaoh Khufu’s vizier, Hemon (or Hemiunu) is evident in inscriptions on Heomon’s tomb which is located close to Khufu’s pyramid. Here within is his most unusual and extremely well-preserved seated statue, notable for an unusual degree of realism. The features, unlike most other Egyptian sculpture was only lightly stylized, clearly based on his actual appearance being quite round or ‘flabby’.

Located within his serdab, he is cited as being one of five members of ‘the house of Thoth’:

hereditary prince, count, sealer of the king of Lower Egypt

(jrj-pat HAtj-a xtmw-bjtj),

Greatest of the five of the House of Thoth 

(sA nswt n XT=f tAjtj sAb TAtj wr djw pr-DHwtj)

Atlantean Origins


The Deluge, by John Martin, 1834. Oil on canvas. Yale University

Archaeologist Karl Oskar Eklund’s diaries recovered from a fire in 1986 tell how, in legend he arrived in Egypt following the deluge when it destroyed his home rumored to have been somewhere ‘in the distant West.’ At-hothes Western origins have suggested could stem from Atlantean origins, evident in the ‘At’ to the beginning of his name, defining him as an Atlantean deity. As Vizier he succeeded Kanefer, his uncle, and his father Nefermaat, so according to Eklund, he may well have been the son of a migrating family that landed upon the shores of the Levant at the Tel Es-Sakan at the Wadi El-Arish near present day Gaza.


Featured image: hoout, Thoth Deux fois Grand, le Second Hermés, N372.2A, Brooklyn Museum



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